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The badge consists of two overlapping circles. The lower circle with a Taeguk (Yin and Yang) surrounded by other five Taeguks engraved represents Mugunghwa. Each part of the badge represent as follows:

The front circle represents "the sun or light."

The Mugunghwa represents "the nation and people."

The back circle represents "the moon or shade."

"The iron will of the police which plays a role as the sun and the moon keeping an eye on people day in and day out, protecting the lives and property, and the inborn police duties."

The badge is worn on the left side of the chest while police officers are on duty. Plain-clothes officers always carry the badge in a leather case

The design of the badge was modified from an eagle to the present one on August 15, 2001.